The Hand – The Basic Anthropometry

D.D.I. Daruis1, N.K. Khamis2, B.M. Deros 3

1Department of Mechanical Engineering & Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Defense Malaysia, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

2,3Department of Mechanical and Material Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Malaysia

Page 49 – 55   |   Vol. 6 No. 2 2021   |    Available online on 1 December 2021


This study focuses on hand anthropometry data which should be the most important parameters in handheld devices and many other products that are handled with hands, however is not well-addressed. Currently, there are few Malaysian anthropometry data established, but none is specific on hand anthropometry. Therefore, it is aimed that if the basic hand anthropometry data collected for this study is congruent with the old data, more advanced hand parameters could be generated even though the subjects are limited. Thirty males and
females basic hand data were measured and compared to a 10-year-old Malaysian database. Results showed the current data are similar to the existing local hand anthropometry data with the average hand length for males being 20cm and 17.65cm for females. However, a comparison based on a confidence interval of male hand length revealed that the current data has 95% [15, 24] whilst the elderly data 95% CI [16, 18], the workforce data 95% CI [18, 19] and the adult data 95% CI [18, 19]. It shows that the anthropometry data from the current subjects
can be used to represent Malaysian hand anthropometry, based on the agreement of the basic hand anthropometry confidence interval with previously established data.


Handheld device, design, palm length, handbreadth

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