Risk Assessment of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders and Body Mass Index Amongst the Traffic Control Personnel in Ogun State, Nigeria

Adekunle I. MUSA1* and Ayomide I. MUSA2

1*Department of Mechanical Engineering, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye, Ibogun Campus, Nigeria

  2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bells University of Technology, Ota, Nigeria

*Corresponding author email: musa-olokuta.adekunle@oouagoiwoye.edu.ng

Page 81 – 91   |   Vol. 7 No. 2 2022   |    Available online on 30 Dec 2022


The study was conducted to assess the work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) and body mass index (BMI) relatives to the effect among the TCP) in Ogun State which was sought and selected using the snowball technique. Twelve out of twenty local government areas which cut across the entire three senatorial districts of Ogun State were selected, which is sixty percent of the entire local government in the state. Data analysis was performed using a statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) V23 and Microsoft Excel (2010). The results were presented using descriptive statistics, means, standard deviations, frequencies, percentages, pie charts and a bar chart. The result showed that 177 TCP (88.5%) participated with 32.5 ± 0.97 years as the mean age of the respondents. However, 76.3% reported daily pains while 95.5% complained of major pains in the body. The majority 79.1% spent less than 8 hours in a standing position when controlling the traffic while 48% enjoyed rest at the close of work. The result also revealed that 80.2% had normal BMI, 33.35% were smokers and 54.8% drank alcohol respectively. Occupational health was considered as 45.2% engaged in self-medication. The study shows that age is significantly correlated with BMI (P>0.01) and alcohol drinking (P<0.01) with WRMSDs and other factors such as working hours, gender and years of experience. The study concluded that prolonged standing, walking and repetitive twisting of the hand and shoulder may have seriously affected the health of TCP.


WRMSDs, BMI, traffic, personnel, health, smoking

© 2022 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFEM). All rights reserved.

Recommended articles

Publish with us

Human Factors & Ergonomics Journal (HFEJ), eISSN: 2590-3705  is the official Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Malaysia.  The journal is published on a biannual basis. HFEJ aims to address current research in the field of Ergonomics in addition to the broad coverage of cognitive ergonomics, user experience, physical ergonomics and others such as transportation, industrial design and industrial engineering. HFEJ is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of the COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics), as such we only accept original work.