Health Risks Among Waste Collectors in Pahang

Nur Hidayati MOHD RAMLI¹, Nur Syafiqah FAUZAN², Hilma Raimona ZADRY³ and Mohd Faisal FAUZI³

Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research (MIROS), 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia1,2,3,4,5,6,8

School of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia7

Page 15 – 21   |   Vol. 5 No. 2 2020   |   Available online on 1 December 2020


Waste collectors were involved with a variety of health risks and health symptoms. Furthermore, they were exposed to various occupational health hazards. This study aimed to assess the correlation between workers’ practices on personal protective equipment (PPE) towards the workers’ health risks and health symptoms. Data were collected on the health risks and health symptoms among waste collectors working at waste management services in Pahang. Ninety-seven respondents were selected to participate and complete the questionnaires. The study shows that the ergonomic health risk was the critical health risk among waste collectors. This study also shows that there is a significant positive correlation between workers practices on PPE and health risks (r = 0.209, p = 0.040). However, there is no significant correlation between workers practices on PPE and health symptoms (r = 0.015, p = 0.884). Good work practice is very important in minimizing the risks exposed to workers at the workplace. Then, the practice and use on right protective gear would help in reducing and minimizing the health risks and health symptoms. The outcome of this study can assist the company in improving the quality of worker care in the waste management industry.


Waste Collectors, Health Risks, Health Symptoms, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

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Human Factors & Ergonomics Journal (HFEJ), eISSN: 2590-3705  is the official Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Malaysia.  The journal is published on a biannual basis. HFEJ aims to address current research in the field of Ergonomics in addition to the broad coverage of cognitive ergonomics, user experience, physical ergonomics and others such as transportation, industrial design and industrial engineering. HFEJ is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of the COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics), as such we only accept original work.