Mohd Mustaqim HASHIM1, Muhamad Fakhruddin NOOR ZAINAN1, Mohd Raziff MAT HASSAN2, Ammar ADNAN3, Radin Zaid RADIN UMAR4, Siby SAMUEL5,Mohd Hanafi ANI1, Malek HAMID1, *


1Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

2Faculty of Science & Technology Open University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

3SimplyErgo Consultancy, Kedah, Malaysia

4Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Melaka, Malaysia

5Department of System Design Engineering, University of Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada


* Corresponding Author: abdmalek@iium.edu.my




Tutorial is a medium instruction to transfer knowledge and one of its applications is to provide instruction on how to use appliances, devices, or systems. Currently, only a few studies have been done on which type of medium of instruction is better for engineering machinery. Thus, for this study, the aim is to obtain a suitable type of tutorial instructions for engineering machinery. In order to achieve it, the following objectives need to be met; (i) to evaluate the effects of different types of medium of instructions for machines – manual handbook and video tutorial – on hands-on learning performance in overall and; (ii) to evaluate the effects of medium of instructions for machines on hands-on learning performance based on – safety, equipment, procedure and housekeeping. Thirty-two participants ranging between 19-20 years of age were randomly assigned into two groups – Video tutorial and Manual handbook. The video tutorial groups were exposed to four video tutorials while the Manual handbook groups were given a manual handbook. Then, participants were evaluated by performing four hands-on tasks. From the finding, there was a significant different in the hands-on learning performance between the Video tutorial group (M=95.313, SD=7.739) and Manual handbook group (M=62.500, SD=15.138) conditions; t (30) = -7.720, p < 0.0001. For the criteria; in safety; video (M=100, SD=0) and handbook (M=81.25, SD=25) are significantly difference with t (15) = -3.00, p = 0.009. In procedure; video (M=87.500, SD=28.867) and handbook (M=25.000, SD=40.824) are significantly difference with t (30) = -5.000, p < 0.0001. In housekeeping; video (M=100.00, SD=0.00) and handbook (M=65.625, SD=47.324) are significantly different with t (15) = -2.905, p = 0.011. In equipment; video (M=93.750, SD=17.078) and handbook (M=78.125, SD=31.457) are marginally significant difference with t (23) = -1.746, p = 0.094. In conclusion, using video as a medium of instruction helps participant to perform better in hands-on task of the engineering machinery compared to manual handbook.


Keywords: Machine’s tutorial, Manual hand book, Video tutorial, Hands-on, Learning performance