ERGONOMIC RISK ASSESSMENT AMONG PRODUCTION OPERATORS AT FOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRIES : A REVIEW
Nurul Elyna Asyiqen Mohd Zaki1, Mohd Nasrull Abdol Rahman2*, Mazlina Kamarudzaman3
1Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering Dept., Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Manufacturing, University of Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia.
Ergonomic risk factors is defined as the design of the workplace, equipment, machine, tool, product, environment and system, taking into consideration the human’s physical, physiological, biomechanical and psychological capabilities and optimizing the effectiveness and productivity of work systems while assuring the safety, health and wellbeing of the workers. In general, the aim in ergonomics is to fit the task to the individual, not the individual to the task. The aim of this study is to understand the impact of ergonomics risk factor among production operators at the food processing industries. This review evaluates selected papers in manufacturing industries that have studied risk factors of musculoskeletal symptoms among manufacturing operators. Furthermore, other related industry studies have been reviewed as applicable. To understand the risk factors of musculoskeletal symptoms among manufacturing operators, it is recommended that future studies be required to assess these risk factors among manufacturing operators.
Keywords: WRMSDs, NMQ, Ergonomic Risk Assessment (ERA), Food Processing Industries